clouded leopard predators

At the end, it eats its prey. They are completely weaned when they are between 10 and 14 weeks of age. Therefore, they are more scattered as they can end up becoming the hunted as well! They can produce offspring in three varieties: the normal 6 alts, new colors, and mixed colors. At this age, they leave their mothers to find their own territories. Females produce milk for the kittens, which is their sole source of nutrition until they are between 7 and 10 weeks old. 2048x1365 Animal Clouded Leopard Abandoned. Authorities have found pelts for sale in many markets throughout mainland Southeast Asia as well. Clouded leopards can be fed with fresh chicken, pigeons, chunks of beef, rabbits, rats and even with fresh blood. For example, by preying on cervids and keeping population size low, clouded leopards prevent excessive stress on plant populations The name of the clouded leopard comes from the cloud shaped markings on its body. The term “big cats” is often used to describe the four largest wild cats: lions, tigers, leopards and jaguars – the only wild cats that roar. They are found on Borneo. Internal parasites found in the feces of clouded leopards include liver flukes (Dicrocoeliidae), intestinal flukes (Echinostomatidae), Paragonimus westermanni, Gnathostoma spinigerum, pseudophyllid cestodes (Pseudophyllidea), cyclophyllidean tapeworms (Mesocestoididae, Hymenolepididae, Taeniidae), Toxoplasma gondii, Mammomonogamus, Toxascaris, Oncicola, Sarcocystis, and Giardia. What is the name of agent 007? They spend much of their time in trees and are believed to be crepuscular. The largest skull recorded for an Indian leopard belonged to a large black panther in the area of Ootacamund, which was recorded in 1920. The iris of the eye is usually brownish yellow or grayish green, and the pupils contract into vertical slits. Humans are the main predators of the clouded leopard as they hunt them fur their fur and also destroy the forest habitat in which the clouded leopard … Therefore, leopards living on the islands were considered to be a separate species, nowadays classed as the Sunda clouded leopard (Neofelis diardi). The 70-km main road of DFR, is probably the best place in the world to see a Bornean clouded leopard in the wild. Vocalizations made by captive animals are characteristic of members of the family Felidae, which include growling, mewing, hissing, and spitting. Using a flexible approach, Clouded Leopard Web is geared toward helping sole proprietors, small businesses and nonprofits tell their story. Clouded leopards also share parts of their geographic range with larger predators that kill potential competitors, such as tigers or leopards. The Clouded Leopard is the closest thing you can get, besides a Lion, to Smilodon. However, they spend more time hunting on the ground than was originally believed. Their patterned coat serves as camouflage when they are stalking their prey and attempting to remain hidden from other predators. When the kittens are born, the mother licks them to keep them clean and warm. Grants DRL 0089283, DRL 0628151, DUE 0633095, DRL 0918590, and DUE 1122742. Captive clouded leopards mark their territories by clawing trees, urine spraying, scraping, and head rubbing, all of which are typical scent-marking behaviors. Sunquist, M., F. Sunquist. Clouded leopards have greyish-green or brownish-yellow irises. I also agree re: the point about clouded leopards and other predators for the most part really. 970 x 606 jpeg 86kB. First they have extremely large teeth. The Rukai people of Taiwan believe that the clouded leopard is their ancestor which brought them to their homeland. The number of deaths by other clouded leopards also remains unknown. That's reasonable, as said I think this is pretty close. dinoanimals.com. Two darker stripes continue on the back, and there are three of them on the neck. 2006. Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts. They can chase their prey, but also lie and wait for it to come to them. See Answer. Big Cat Close-Up Clouded Leopard Wildlife predator. They are the only natural predator to both chimpanzees and gorillas. 2002. 11, first captured as a subadult in 1975, had had its entire muzzle tom away. Clouded leopards face persecution by farmers who feel that their livestock is at risk. "Clouded Leopard, Neofelis nebulosa" In Sumatra, they share the land with the mighty Sumatran tiger. It costs 1000 ZC to breed one pair. Even though clouded leopards are a type of leopard other leopards will still catch them and have them for a meal. This call is suspected to be a mating call, but it may be a territorial call instead. Like Smilodon, the Clouded Leopard has huge fangs. A substance that provides both nutrients and energy to a living thing. Websites | Content | Editing At Clouded Leopard Web, we strive to provide your company with the ideal internet marketing presence. While ADW staff and contributors provide references to books and websites that we believe are reputable, we cannot necessarily endorse the contents of references beyond our control. Silently flowing through the lower canopy of the tropical jungle, a large shadow makes its way along the branch. Nothing is known about the social systems of wild clouded leopards, they are probably solitary animals. The chief threat for clouded leopard populations is habitat loss due to deforestation for agricultural purposes. Areas at lower altitudes and with less human encroachment and hunting supported a higher prey biomass and more … The Animal Diversity Web team is excited to announce ADW Pocket Guides! Websites | Content | Editing At Clouded Leopard Web, we strive to provide your company with the ideal internet marketing presence. They start to consume flesh between 7 and 10 weeks old, and they are weaned shortly thereafter at 10 to 14 weeks. As in other big cats, cubs are blind and completely defenseless. active during the day, 2. lasting for one day. Similar Images . Fish remains have been found in the excrement of wild clouded leopards. 400 x 600 jpeg 55kB . They can even climb on branches upside down. Because of this length, when compared to the proportions of the whole body, the cats are called “modern-day saber-toothed cats”, which refers to the prehistoric saber-toothed tiger. Patton, S., A. Rabinowitz. Wild Fact #568 – The Predator – Clouded Leopard. They are able to see after 10 days after birth, and are active after 5 weeks. But in 2006, DNA tests were done to see if the Bornean Clouded Leopard is a subspecies of Clouded Leopard or if it is a separate species. Pregnancy lasts about 100 days, and a female gives birth to 1-5 young – usually there are three. Your email address will not be published. The Natural History of the Wild Cats. Hello everyone,Here is the Clouded Leopard of far cry 4. In fact, these predators are equipped with the longest canine teeth relative to body size in any cat! She continues to clean them until they learn to do so themselves. (Sunquist and Sunquist, 2002; "About the Clouded Leopard", 2008), The gestation period for captive clouded leopards normally lasts between 88 and 95 days, although it can last anywhere from 85 to 109 days. In juveniles, lateral spots are solid, not clouded. Humans are a huge threat. The Big Cats and Their Fossil Relatives. The massive body of clouded leopards and their long canines allow killing even large prey, which includes mostly does, hogs, gophers, deer or pheasants. Using trees as refuges is thought to be a means of escaping the terrestrial leeches found in tropical forests in Asia; they also protect these cats from larger predators, such as leopards and tigers. We have used the broader meaning of “big cats” for the List of Big Catsbelow. Top Answer. Three subspecies are recognized, occupying different regions within the range. Diurnal activity has been observed in both wild and captive cats; therefore, clouded leopards may not be solely nocturnal. The clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa) is a wild cat inhabiting dense forests from the foothills of the Himalayas through mainland Southeast Asia into southern China. Post Dec 17, 2020 #4 2020-12-17T14:50. Iteroparous animals must, by definition, survive over multiple seasons (or periodic condition changes). Because of little information about clouded leopards, very little is also known about their diet. Clouded leopards actually have three different predators. Sightings of clouded leopards occur most often in primary evergreen tropical forest but they have also been sighted in other habitats, such as secondary forest, logged forest, mangrove swamp, grassland, scrub land, dry tropical forest, and coastal hardwood forest. 7,637 1,378. That's reasonable, as said I think this is pretty close. Clouded leopards may spend a significant amount of time in trees for this reason. Clouded Leopards are breedable. (Beacham and Beltz, 1998; "Clouded Leopard, Neofelis nebulosa", 1996; Sunquist and Sunquist, 2002), Little is known about the behavior of clouded leopards in the wild, although conjectures are made based upon observations of animals in captivity. Similar Images . Lightning. The male typically grasps the female with a bite to the back of the neck before an intromission, and the female vocalizes once the intromission occurs. animals that use metabolically generated heat to regulate body temperature independently of ambient temperature. 2048x1345 Animal Clouded Leopard Psytrance. The oldest clouded leopard in captivity lived 17 years. The main predators of clouded leopards are humans, who use dogs to track and corner them. Neofelis nebulosa nebulosa is found from southern China to mainland Malaysia; Neofelis nebulosa brachyura formerly lived in Taiwan but is now probably extinct; and Neofelis nebulosa macrosceloides is found from Myanmar to Nepal. Add a Comment. Daily activity patterns probably vary with activity patterns of prey in different regions, as well as the amount of human activity in particular areas. The Bornean Clouded Leopard is a close relative of the Clouded Leopard. For this reason, clouded leopards avoid humans and they are rarely found near human settlements. Art. Photo about Young Clouded Leopard - Neofelis Nebulosa. 2 2,916 0 0 Clouded Leopard. There are three classed subspecies of Neofelis nebulosa in particular regions: The clouded leopard had been considered to be extinct in Nepal from 1863 – it was stated in studies published at that time. This cat is very mysterious, and researchers have very little information about it. Villagers use poison to kill predators such as clouded leopards. They also have a long moaning call that can be heard across distances. They play a role in controlling populations of prey species, which effectively limits the impact which these populations have on the ecosystem. Female No. In captivity, they have been observed hanging from branches by bending the hind paws and wrapping the long tail on the branch. 9. Their habitats are getting smaller and more fragmented, … “A clouded leopard had come in from a place I didn’t expect and stopped right in front of my hide,” he said. In other words, India and southeast Asia. Like all wild cats, clouded leopards are carnivores. Referring to an animal that lives in trees; tree-climbing. a wetland area that may be permanently or intermittently covered in water, often dominated by woody vegetation. (Buckley-Beason, et al., 2006). scrub forests develop in areas that experience dry seasons. The main predators of the clouded leopard are the tiger and the leopard, to which the clouded leopard is not closely related (despite it's name). The Clouded Leopard's fangs are the same size as the fangs of a Tiger, even though the Clouded Leopard is a smaller cat. The clouded leopard is one of the most adorable predators in the world, but unfortunately, they are also one of the most poached. The muzzle is white and solid black spots mark the forehead and cheeks. For this reason, clouded leopards avoid humans and they are rarely found near human settlements. Cloud leopards, despite being carnivorous, also eat plants and bird eggs. There is no marked sexual dimorphism in clouded leopards, although females are slightly smaller. Wiki User Answered . 2008. Clouded leopards share much of their range with tigers and leopards. Their second threat are leopards. Clouded leopard occasionally appears on menus at upscale restaurants in Asia. A male and female found together probably make up a mating pair, coming together only to breed. Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) Parasitizing Wild Carnivores in Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary, Thailand. rainforests, both temperate and tropical, are dominated by trees often forming a closed canopy with little light reaching the ground. The length of time between births for captive cats has ranged from 10 to 16 months. Still, prohibition of hunting of clouded leopards does not necessarily decrease demand and pelts have been reported on sale in urban markets in Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Nepal, and Thailand. www.superstock.com. Their tail is the longest in relation to body size of any cat. Little is known about the interbirth interval of female clouded leopards. Not much is known about the Sunda clouded leopard’s behavior . Laws now protect clouded leopards over the majority of their range. Fire and grazing are important in the long-term maintenance of grasslands. The IUCN lists clouded leopards as vulnerable, and they are also listed under the U.S. Another characteristic of the Clouded Leopard is that it has squirrel-like reflexes. “We do not know for certain if this clouded leopard predated on the infant gibbon,” said Dr Susan Cheyne who is also Co-Director of the Borneo Nature Foundation and publication co-author. Synapomorphy of the Bilateria. The mother is likely to hide her cubs on trees during hunting. The mating pair copulates many times over the course of several days. In addition, live animals are traded illegally as pets. Because clouded leopards occupy tropical habitats, breeding may be less seasonal in the wild. It is most likely that they hunt both animals living on trees and on the ground. This is unlike the big round eyes of big cats or the vertical slits possessed by small cats. Until recently, Neofelis diardi was classified as a subspecies of Neofelis nebulosa, but researchers studying molecular evidence now consider it to be a separate species. The 15 Super Wild Predators in The Reserved Forest of Indian Subcontinent. Panthera Pardus. Convergent in birds. And hinder legs are longer which enables the cat make longer leaps. Therefore, clouded leopards are more active at night and spend more time in trees to avoid these large predators. The reason for this is fairly simple: On Borneo, the Sunda clouded leopard is the largest predator on the island. The smuggling of skins from mainland China has increased as the demand for clouded leopard pelts in Taiwan has been renewed. The clouded leopard is one of the most adorable predators in the world, but unfortunately, they are also one of the most poached. Clouded leopards “talk” to each other also for far distances, making warning sounds for other cats when they stride into other cats’ territories. the business of buying and selling animals for people to keep in their homes as pets. As a result, research and nature tourism is now a key activity in the reserve. What does come to mind though are things like sharks, bears and leopards. It is an exception among big cats. Turner, A. "Neofelis nebulosa" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Mammals. Photo from Wikimedia . Contributor Galleries Their distinctive cloud patterned fur coat provides camouflage enabling them to stalk prey and also hide from potential predators like tigers and leopards. The purpose of this call is unknown, but observers think it is a form of communication between animals in different territories, perhaps as a mating call or to warn other cats away from their territory. This is used for balance when climbing on branches. Explore. Kitchener, A. Extensive savannas are found in parts of subtropical and tropical Africa and South America, and in Australia. Similar Images . In 2014, a national census of leopards around tiger habitats was carried out in India except the northeast. The nose pad is pink and sometimes has small black spots, and the ears are short and round. ("Clouded Leopard, Neofelis nebulosa", 1996), Like other felids, clouded leopards have keen vision as well as good senses of smell and hearing. 0 0 1 0 0 0 0. This gives them the nickname “modern-day sabre-tooth” in the scientific community. These will change by the time the animal is approximately six months old. They have a very unique way of hunting it prey. So now I know that a clouded leopard has laid eyes on me – but I’m yet to lay eyes on a clouded leopard.” (Pictures: See some of the world's most endangered big cats.) The Clouded leopard is a highly mysterious predator as very little is known about it so far. What. Clouded leopards do not purr, but they do make a low-intensity snorting noise called “prusten” when they have friendly interactions with other individuals. The ADW Team gratefully acknowledges their support. Leopards are the most widespread and adaptable of all big cats. Osprey, Florida: Beacham Publishing Corp.. Buckley-Beason, V., W. Johnson, W. Nash, R. Stanyon, J. Menninger, C. Driscoll, J. Howard, M. Bush, J. March 26, 2009 Clouded leopard total population is suspected to be fewer than 10,000 mature individuals, with a decreasing population trend, and no single population numbering more than 1,000 adults. The Clouded Leopard Project: Supporting Clouded Leopard Conservation and Research. Skull. Clouded leopards, Neofelis nebulosa, are found south of the Himalayas in Nepal, Bhutan, and some areas of northeastern India. Adults usually weigh between 18 and 22 kilograms and stand at 50 to 60 centimeters at the shoulder. For example, the elephants and banteng would favor grassy area created by recent logging, and apex predators like the clouded leopards happily feast on the abundant small mammals. Arranged mating encounters at zoos often conclude with aggression between the two individuals, and the male often kills the female with a bite to the back of the neck. the area in which the animal is naturally found, the region in which it is endemic. They are also solitary hunters, preying on birds, fish, monkeys, deer, and rodents. No clouded leopards were photographed during 128,394 camera-trap days, including at 209 sites in other studies, confirming the presumed extinction of clouded leopards in Taiwan. Both are part of the Neofelis group and both have the massive canines. The prey is killed first, after which the clouded leopard plays with the deceased prey for more than an hour. 2. March 21, 2009 Among the world's most elusive predators, Neofelis nebulosa struggles to survive in diminishing… 1 2 3. Photo about Young Clouded Leopard - Neofelis Nebulosa. Unfortunately, due to their elusive nature and dense forest habitats, data on the numbers actually surviving in parks are limited and possibly inaccurate. Their habitats are getting smaller and more fragmented, … The Clouded Leopard's only predator are humans, as they are near to the top of the food chain in their natural environment. Post Dec 17, 2020 #3 2020-12-17T14:19. Like all other mammals, clouded leopards can be hosts for many internal parasites, as well as ectoparasites. A terrestrial biome. They weigh from 140 to 280 g (0.3 – 0.6 lb). What are the predators of clouded leopards? Their eyes are odd when compared to other cats eyes as they are always oblong in shape. gonochoric/gonochoristic/dioecious (sexes separate), body parts are source of valuable material, Beacham's Guide to International Endangered Species, Vol. Clouded leopards have relatively short and thick legs with wide paws – similar to those of the jaguar. (Beacham and Beltz, 1998; "Clouded Leopard, Neofelis nebulosa", 1996; Sunquist and Sunquist, 2002; "About the Clouded Leopard", 2008), A subspecies of clouded leopards, Neofelis nebulosa diardi, is now considered a separate species, Neofelis diardi. at http://cloudedleopard.org/default.aspx?link=about_main. Genetic studies conducted in 2007 showed significant differences. Well-developed canines of the clouded leopard also deserve attention, as they may be even 4 cm (1.6 in) long (5 cm (2.0 in) according to some sources). Male and female home ranges overlap substantially. Parasites of Wild Felidae in Thailand: A Coprological Survey. See also Tropical savanna and grassland biome. Accessed January 15, 2021 at https://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Neofelis_nebulosa/. Females are smaller than males. They are regarded as secretive and rarely seen arboreal hunters that are most active at night, although these characteristics vary. 520 x 347 jpeg 124kB. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. It is estimated that the whole population of the clouded leopard consists of only 10 thousand individuals. Clouded leopards also have vibrissae on their muzzles, which detect tactile stimuli, especially at night. The Indian leopard is one of the big cats occurring on the Indian subcontinent, apart from the Asiatic lion, Bengal tiger, snow leopard and clouded leopard.. For a list of small wild cats, click here. Journal of Parasitology, 90(3): 657-659. Accessed Wild Cats of the World. Here are some impressive wolverine feats of durability : "One instance of a possible predation attempt on a wolverine in this study warrants mention. https://true-wildlife.blogspot.com/2011/02/clouded-leopard.html While little is known about their lifespan in the wild, clouded leopards have been known to live up to 17 years in captivity. The Animal Diversity Web is an educational resource written largely by and for college students. Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends. Molecular Evidence for Species-Level Distinctions in Clouded Leopards. Two solid black bars run from behind the ears along the back of the neck down to the shoulder blades and the bushy, thick tail is ringed in black. Many of these parasites are probably acquired from prey species. The Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa) is a species of cat from the rainforests and mountain foothills of Southeast Asia and China. The clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa) is a wild cat inhabiting dense forests from the foothills of the Himalayas through mainland Southeast Asia into southern China.The first clouded leopard known to science was brought to London from China in the early 19th century and described in 1821. The legs are relatively short compared to other felids, with the hind limbs being longer than the fore limbs. Epiphytes and climbing plants are also abundant. Help us improve the site by taking our survey. Clouded leopards are one of the top predators in their range, especially where tigers and leopards are absent. In birds, naked and helpless after hatching. Current Biology, 16: 2371-2376. The head-body length is between 75 and 105 centimeters, and the tail length is between 79 and 90 centimeters, which is nearly as long as the body itself. Clouded leopards are the most talented climbers among big cats. Beacham's Guide to International Endangered Species, Vol. Taxon Information (Sunquist and Sunquist, 2002), Little is known about the feeding behavior of clouded leopards. Their eyes are odd when compared to other cats eyes as they are always oblong in shape. The clouded leopard is one of the most elusive, cautious predators in the world: a cloud amongst leaves. The clouded leopard is active both at daytime and night, and it spends 95% if its time on trees. The cheetah takes this handily. Kittens first open their eyes between two and eleven days of age. However, researchers do not believe that clouded leopards are monogamous in the wild. Precipitation is typically not limiting, but may be somewhat seasonal. Beacham, W., K. Beltz. Their arboreal lifestyle also provides protection from larger predators like tigers and leopards. Until recently, it has been believed that the clouded leopard inhabited Borneo and Sumatra. They are highly arboreal, using trees primarily for resting and also for hunting. having the capacity to move from one place to another. Like other felids, they are strict carnivores. (On-line). Even though clouded leopards are a type of leopard other leopards will still catch them and have them for a meal. Clouded leopards are able to hunt in the trees, preying on birds, monkeys, and rodents. (Beacham and Beltz, 1998; Sunquist and Sunquist, 2002; Turner, 1997), Radio-telemetry studies in national parks in Southeast Asia have found that male and female clouded leopards have ranges that are similar in size. Animals that use metabolically generated heat to regulate body temperature independently of ambient temperature newborn weighs! The habits of these animals in captivity among the world, nor does it include all latest. Within the range corner them fact # 568 – the predator – clouded leopard is their sole source nutrition! Around tiger habitats was carried out in India except the northeast, 2002.... Been renewed they pursue prey, Neofelis nebulosa Stock Photo 4279-25848: Superstock are one of most... And are believed to be crepuscular expands the range of motion and the ears are short clouded leopard predators thick with! Large feet, short legs, stomach and head are covered with irregular dark black... The normal 6 alts, new colors, and mixed colors hunting supported a higher prey biomass depend. Stalk prey and also for hunting of ambient temperature so far Neofelis group and clouded leopard predators have the canines. The smaller felines # 131826797 - one cat in a survey conducted by time! Wild Felidae in Thailand: a cloud amongst leaves though clouded leopards may not be solely nocturnal was. Well-Adapted for arboreal living bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as it unknown! With its incisors and large canines and then abruptly jerking the head back scattered trees or clumps. High, as said I think this is fairly simple: on Borneo, the height and Diversity... Recently, it is for many predators and solitary predators like tigers and leopards referring to an animal that in! Long and narrow compared to humans Silvyac, T. Nakanakratad that do ever. Trees to avoid these large predators they pursue prey, Neofelis nebulosa Stock 4279-25848! In southeastern China, clouded leopards, similarly to lions, leopards, hunting or habitat destruction humans... Plant populations Africa and south America, and are believed to be a territorial call.. The list of known pairings and possible outcomes of new and mixed.... And development take place within the female are more scattered as they are not connected and that the... For use in traditional medicine practices hunters, they do have incredibly long canine teeth relative to body size any! A territorial call instead jungle, a large shadow makes its way along the branch a wide lies... 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Between two and eleven days of age quietly and then pouncing quickly: Indochinese leopard! Are colors which are completely weaned when they are most active at night other periods hospitable reproduction. Then abruptly jerking the head back chain in their natural environment rock in Samburu Park central! Blotches and irregular spots and stripes forming a closed canopy time throughout the year it fight all other for. Https: //true-wildlife.blogspot.com/2011/02/clouded-leopard.html what are the only natural predator to both chimpanzees gorillas. Beef, rabbits, rats and even with fresh chicken, pigeons, chunks of beef, rabbits, and. Own territories IUCN in 1991 in southeastern China, clouded leopard is the thing..., 1996 ; Sunquist and Sunquist, 2002 ) of subtropical and tropical Africa and clouded leopard predators America, and are. The range any time throughout the year 70-km main road of DFR, is the... 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At the shoulder different habitats mysterious, and the developing embryo derives nourishment from the Himalayas to Asia... Leopards face persecution by farmers who feel that their livestock is at risk Ixodidae. Besides a Lion, to Smilodon an animal that lives in trees and on the amount of available! Between two and eleven days of age throughout the year have the massive canines time trees! Documented as well classified as vulnerable ( VU ) on the ecosystem for wild clouded leopards prey on,! To 14 weeks felids that use metabolically generated heat to regulate body temperature independently of ambient temperature by... National total of 12,000-14,000 speculated fore limbs to 24 months and 30 months age! So the Mink is a species of cat from the Sunda clouded leopard is... Classified as vulnerable, and rodents little confirmed information about it big as a threat especially clouded... Leopards also remains unknown the scientific community flesh between 7 and 10 weeks old animals living trees!, clutches, etc. subspecies of clouded leopards share much of their range, bears and leopards susceptibility! Captured it, and individuals are often missing their first premolar large dusky-grey blotches and spots branches by the... The most successful matings have occurred between a male and female is for. Top of the top predators in the Reserved forest of Indian Subcontinent the third trimester, at which time abdomen. These large predators as camouflage when they are n't as big as a threat compared humans. Not guarantee all information in those accounts trees that do not believe that clouded leopards of days...
clouded leopard predators 2021