athens history facts

Athens was a great center for art, literature, philosophy, and education. Along with rest of Byzantine Greece, Athens was part of the series of feudal fiefs, similar to the Crusader states established in Syria and on Cyprus after the First Crusade. 1. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Our mission is to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Athens Facts For Kids – Ancient Greek History There were many important city-states in Ancient Greece, but Athens was perhaps the most important and the most powerful. Herodotus, the 'father of history', lived and wrote in Athens. The wealthy aristocrats held control of both the land and the Greek government and, in time, poorer land owners became enslaved (or nearly so) through debt to the more wealthy. [31] His early tenure also saw two large Albanian raids into Attica, as a response to which he ordered the construction of a new city wall, the "Wall of Haseki", which was partly constructed with material taken from ancient monuments. [24] The emperor Justinian I (r. 527–565) banned the teaching of philosophy by pagans in 529,[25] an event whose impact on the city is much debated,[24] but is generally taken to mark the end of the ancient history of Athens. Poseidon produced a spring by striking the ground with his trident,[5] symbolizing naval power. While the Sea Peoples made definite incursions into Attica (the mainland region surrounding Athens) the Dorians bypassed the city, allowing the Mycenaean culture to survive (although, like the rest of Greece, there seems to have been an economic and cultural downturn following these invasions during the Bronze Age Collapse). Web. Despite the skepticism of many observers, the games were a great success and brought renewed international prestige (and tourism revenue) to Athens. AEK FC. Athens is one of the oldest cities in the world as well, with recorded history going back over 3400 years. The city had originally been granted by Sultan Ahmed I (r. 1603–1617) to Basilica, one of his favourite concubines, who hailed from the city, in response of complaints of maladministration by the local governors. Athens-Clarke County has a rich history that dates back to the very beginnings of the United States. This process of synoikismos – the bringing together into one home – created the largest and wealthiest state on the Greek mainland, but it also created a larger class of people excluded from political life by the nobility. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. Along with the Panathenaic frieze, one of the six caryatids of the Erechtheion was extracted and replaced with a plaster mold. The ancient Olympic games were never actually held there. Several resistance organizations were created. During the time of the Ancient Greeks it was the center of power, art, science, and philosophy in the world. His abuse of power led to protests by both the Greeks and the Turks; Sari Muselimi killed some of the notables who protested, whereupon the populace burned down his residence. Around 1200 BCE the Sea Peoples invaded the Greek archipelago of the Aegean from the south while, simultaneously, the Dorians came down from the north into mainland Greece. We hope you enjoyed learning more about the history of Athens with our 21 fun facts. [23] At that time, Athens had a population of only 4,000 to 5,000 people in a scattering of houses at the foot of the Acropolis, located in what today covers the district of Plaka. To the east lies Mount Hymettus, to the north Mount Pentelicus. Situated in southern Europe, Athens became the leading city of Ancient Greece in the first millennium BC, and its cultural achievements during the 5th century BC laid the foundations of Western civilization. [17], Some of the most important figures of Western cultural and intellectual history lived in Athens during this period: the dramatists Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides and Aristophanes, the physician Hippocrates, the philosophers Socrates, Plato and Aristotle, the historians Herodotus, Thucydides and Xenophon, the poet Simonides, the orators Antiphon, Isocrates, Aeschines, and Demosthenes, and the sculptor Phidias. Named after Athena, goddess of wisdom and knowledge, Athens has been continuously inhabited since the Bronze Age and is generally considered to be the cradle of Western civilization. [11] Between 1250 and 1200 BC, to feed the needs of the Mycenaean settlement, a staircase was built down a cleft in the rock to reach a water supply that was protected from enemy incursions,[12] comparable to similar works carried out at Mycenae. Here are some facts about Ancient Athens. The poorest class, the Thetai, (Ancient Greek Θήται) who formed the majority of the population, received political rights for the first time and were able to vote in the Ecclesia (Assembly). Athens is the capital and largest city of Greece. The History of Athens is one of the longest of any city in Europe and in the world. The Athenians, afterward, claimed for themselves a special status in that they spoke Ionian, instead of Doric, Greek and held to customs they felt were superior to their neighbors. Here are 12 facts about the Acropolis of Athens. They established themselves near the crag, which later would become the Acropolis. The Roman emperor Hadrian (r. 117–138 AD), constructed the Library of Hadrian, a gymnasium, an aqueduct[21] which is still in use, several temples and sanctuaries, a bridge, and finally completed the Temple of Olympian Zeus. He preserved the Solonian Constitution, but made sure that he and his family held all the offices of state. After the Pyrrhic War (280–275 BC) Rome asserted its hegemony over Magna Grecia and became increasingly involved in Greece and the Balkans peninsula. [26] As the Ottoman Sultan rode into the city, he was greatly struck by the beauty of its ancient monuments and issued a firman (imperial edict) forbidding their looting or destruction, on pain of death. After her death, Athens came under the purview of the Kizlar Agha. 1.27.2]. Both Athena and Poseidon requested to be patrons of the city and to give their name to it, so they competed with offering the city one gift each. This provoked two Persian invasions of Greece by the Achaemenid Empire. The beginning of the 19th century was a dark page in the history of the Parthenon and other Greek monuments. Finally Thebes defeated Sparta in 371 BC in the Battle of Leuctra. [24], The city was threatened by Saracen raids in the 8th–9th centuries—in 896, Athens was raided and possibly occupied for a short period, an event which left some archaeological remains and elements of Arabic ornamentation in contemporary buildings[26]—but there is also evidence of a mosque existing in the city at the time. Athens had some of the worst traffic congestion and air pollution in the world at that time. He has taught history, writing, literature, and philosophy at the college level. Athens is the capital and largest city of Greece. From the Acropolis to the Olympic Games, Athens sure has a story to tell! [31] In 1759 the new pasha, a native Muslim, destroyed one of the pillars of the Temple of Olympian Zeus to provide material for a fifth mosque for the city—an illegal act, as the temple was considered the Sultan's property. The growth of the town attracted the Venetians, and various other traders who frequented the ports of the Aegean, to Athens. Athens’ origins date back to 3,000 B.C. [8] The site is a natural defensive position which commands the surrounding plains. Acropolis of Athens is a famous citadel signifying the artistry of ancient Greek civilization. People are very impressed with the Ancient Greek civilization. Two other major religious sites, the Temple of Hephaestus (which is still largely intact) and the Temple of Olympian Zeus or Olympeion (once the largest temple in mainland Greece but now in ruins) also lay within the city walls. In 479 BC, the Athenians and Spartans, with their allies, defeated the Persian army conclusively at the Battle of Plataea. In 499 BC, Athens sent troops to aid the Ionian Greeks of Asia Minor, who were rebelling against the Persian Empire (the Ionian Revolt). 2. History. In the 4th century BC it was replaced by a system of terracotta pipes in a stone-built underground channel, sometimes called the Hymettos aqueduct; many sections had round, oval or square access holes on top of about 10 cm × 10 cm (4 in × 4 in). He was the author of the valuable work Historiarum Demonstrationes (Demonstrations of History) and was a great admirer of the ancient writer Herodotus, encouraging the interest of contemporary Italian humanists in that ancient historian. After Thebes became a possession of the Latin dukes, which were of the Burgundian family called De la Roche, it replaced Athens as the capital and seat of government, although Athens remained the most influential ecclesiastical centre in the duchy and site of a prime fortress. In 1388, the Florentine Nerio I Acciajuoli took the city and made himself duke. The Ancient Greeks lived around 3,500 years ago their legacy shapes the world we live in today. After the Persian Wars (490-479 BC), Ancient Athens developed as the leading city-state in Greece. The people thought the olive tree more valuable than the water (as, according to some versions of the story, the water was salty, as was Poseidon's realm) and Athena was chosen as patron and the city named for her. School of Athens| History| facts| Characteristics, History, Description of the Painting, Characteristics and Facts, school of athens labeled, school of athens medium, school of athens plato and aristotle, school of athens architecture, school of athens annotated, the school of athens elements of art, school of athens ap art history, the school of athens techniques [31], Ismail Agha's successor, Hadji Ali Haseki was cruel and tyrannical, and the twenty years of his on-and-off rule over the city, represented one of the worst periods in the city's history. 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