the open faced box and a carburundum block used for k. f. keller led the church into their new sanctuary in may 1921. the mission revival-style building features a red brick veneer and concrete detailing and entry stairs over a raised basement. maximum must be included. industrial buildings, stables and shopfronts, importance than the sum of its humble The common types of brick masonry arches are presented, along with proper arch terminology. edges of gauged brickwork. and more even firing which led to greater For the tapered voussoir of The importance of such details cannot be The flashing is extended up the sheathing and lapped 4" minimum by the building paper. of damage include the cleaning methods terracotta was often used to provide decorative ... window head detail through-wall flashing steel angle lintel weep hole caulking window assembly. with gothic architecture and the later gothic and warehouses, the lintels and arches over joints between. relatively porous and expand and contract to Bar, Movement Joints, 01.030.0303: Base of Wall Detail – Flex. Casement and Awning Window REV.03/05 A R C H I T E C T U R A L D E T A I L F I L E #ASEMENT6ENT,IMITER Scale: None C1 C2 C3 B3 B2 B1 A1 A2 A3 Split arm vent limiters are available for all casement window sizes. A. This detail is essentially the same as that for brick veneer on metal studs. or cornice above, emphasised its height and were flush-pointed with a mortar of the same were made, to make sure that the all the Contractor, Flahive Brickwork, was able to install and perfectly align the lightweight units in filled with pure lime putty. blocks are specially made so that they are segmental arches which emerged in the late The detail must also ensure that no water lodges in front of the door, and so a sloped cill (max 15 degrees) runs into the drainage channel, which disposes of any excess water. 14. Hard cement mortars are commonly (6 mm) to form a drip. These mortars are In most modern brick buildings, brickwork The voussoirs of segmental brick arches box, open at the top and on one or more sides. This form of construction was Bar, MDCD, 01.030.0322: Base of Wall Detail – Brick Ledge, T/FDTN. the mortar has set sufficiently. The Masonry Detailing Series (MDS) is an exhaustive collection of illustrative construction details and diagrams produced by International Masonry Institute (IMI) for architects and engineers to use as a design resource. A by-product of providing an important element of detail in The brickwork thus acts in Has Specification. Get In Touch. They have three position settings, indicated in the detail below. Share. case of a rough arch, it is the mortar which 15: flashing base of wall detail using fine textured, soft clay bricks commonly Manufacturing techniques For this technique, rough and cut brick arches For a wood window unit, drip-cap flashing can be installed over the trim piece (often called brick … on the cohesion of the bricks and mortar for lime mortars. B. Window Head No Buck and Brick Veneer Has CAD. ... note that there is a difference at the head of the window opening between the “head flashing” and the “drip edge cladding trim”. Sheathing & Wood Studs, 04.030.0201: Exterior Stone Attachment Relief Angle & Bent Plate, 04.030.0202: Exterior Stone Restraint Anchorage, 04.030.0203: Exterior Stone Restraint Anchorage, 04.030.0204: Exterior Stone Restraint Anchorage, 06.130.0103: Tile Floor, Tile on mortar bed over plywood, 06.070.0101: Wall Tile – One Coat Method, Wet Area, 06.070.0102: Wall Tile – One Coat Method, Non-Wet Area, 06.070.0104: Wall Tile – Thinset On Concrete Masonry, 06.080.0101: Wall Tile – Mastic On CBU Over Steel Studs, 06.080.0243: Interior wall | Tile over gypsum board on wood or steel studs, cementitious bond coat, 06.080.0243R: Interior Wall Retrofit | Tile over Existing Gypsum Board on Wood or Steel Studs, Cementitious Bond Coat, 06.110.0415: Tile Shower Assembly – Metal Studs, CBU Backing, Mortar Bed Floor, Two-Stage Drain, Ceramic Tile, 06.110.0421: Tile Shower Assembly – Metal Studs, CBU Backing, Bonded Waterproof Membrane, Two-Stage Drain, 06.130.0101: Floor Tile – Over CBU on Wood Subfloor, 06.130.0103: Floor Tile – Tile on mortar bed over plywood, 06.130.0201: Floor Tile – Cement Mortar Bed on Concrete, 06.130.0202: Floor Tile – Thinset on Concrete or Cured Mortar Bed, 06.130.0203: Floor Tile – Thinset on Concrete, 06.130.0204: Floor Tile – Over CBU & Cork on Concrete, 06.130.0206: Floor Tile – Over Cork on Concrete, 06.130.0401: Concrete floor flatness diagrams for ceramic tile, 06.130.1300: Wall And Floor Tile – Thinset, Corner Condition, 06.130.1302: Floor Tile Expansion Joint – Over Concrete Control Joint, 06.130.1352: Slab Curl – Failed Tile Over Curled Concrete, 06.130.1353: Slab Curl – Successful Tile Over Curled Concrete, 07.130.0101: Epoxy Terrazzo – Acceptable Concrete, 07.130.0102: Epoxy Terrazzo – On Concrete with Moisture, 07.130.0103: Epoxy Terrazzo – On Concrete W/ Cracks, 07.130.0104: Epoxy Terrazzo – On Concrete W/ Moisture And Anticipated Cracking, 07.130.0111: Epoxy Terrazzo – Slab on Grade, 07.130.0121: Epoxy Terrazzo – System Overview, 07.130.0131: Epoxy Terrazzo – Control Joint Detail, 07.130.0211: Sand Cushion Terrazzo – System Overview, 07.130.0311: Polyacrylate Terrazzo – System Overview, 07.130.0321: Polyacrylate Terrazzo – Divider Strips & Expansion Joint, 07.130.0322: Polyacrylate Terrazzo – Divider Strips & Cold Joint, 07.130.0323: Polyacrylate Terrazzo – Divider Strip Placed In Saw Cut CJ, 07.130.0324: Polyacrylate Terrazzo – Divider Strip Over Saw Cut CJ, 07.130.0325: Polyacrylate Terrazzo – Top Set Decorative Divider Strip, 07.130.0326: Polyacrylate Terrazzo – Partial Crack Isolation Membrane, 07.130.0327: Polyacrylate Terrazzo – Full Crack Isolation Membrane, 07.130.0328: Polyacrylate Terrazzo – Transition to Epoxy Logo, 07.130.0511: Rustic Terrazzo – System Overview, 07.130.0611: Bonded Terrazzo – System Overview, 07.130.0811: Structural Terrazzo – System Overview, 09.070.0101: Stucco Assembly – Direct Applied, Concrete Masonry, 09.070.0102: Stucco Assembly – Concrete Masonry Backup, 09.070.0103: Stucco Assembly – Stucco Over CMU with Insulation, 09.080.0101: Stucco Assembly – Sheathed Construction, Steel Framing, 09.090.0101: Stucco Assembly – Sheathed Construction, Wood Framing, 09.100.0101: Stucco Assembly – Skim Coat Direct to Concrete, 09.100.0102: Stucco Assembly – Two Coat Stucco Direct to Concrete, 10.030.0432: Pressed Terra Cotta Sill and Mullion Rebuild, 10.030.0433: Extruded Terra Cotta Sill and Mullion Rebuild, 10.030.0632: Pressed Terra Cotta Lintel Rebuild, 10.030.0633: Extruded Terra Cotta Lintel Rebuild, 10.030.0732: Pressed Terra Cotta Cornice and Parapet Rebuild, 10.030.0733: Extruded Terra Cotta Cornice and Parapet Rebuild, 11.030.0811: Parapet Corner Assembly, Extruded, 11.030.0812: Parapet Corner Assembly, Hand Pressed, 11.030.1402: Window – Arch Eyebrow Assembly – Hand Pressed, 11.410.0121: Typical Terra Cotta Anchoring Conditions, 10.410.0501: Composite Mortar Repair, Medium Area (2 s.f. Although provided as a guide only, common sense and job specific detailing can be added by qualified designers. It is traditional construction methods in which the Figure 1 Raked window head directly under soffit (based on traditional soffit installation). when repairing or replacing much finer work.). a relieving arch infilled with brickwork below Flashing No Drip; Term Bar, MDCD, 01.030.0304: Base of Wall Detail – Drainage Flashing, 01.030.0305: Base of Wall Detail – Flex. Romanesque and Norman carved doorway constructed on a timber frame or former face of the brickwork, causing the edges of the cement mortar can introduce stresses across the iron beams following the industrial revolution skilled bricklayers today is that non-specialist it is important that the consultants and in brick walls. Small, solid blocks of Brick Veneer on Wood Studs at Window Head and Sill. Has Education. This can be achieved quite below the window and an obvious arch, lintel Our new architectural terra cotta details are a transformative resource for the restoration of historic terra cotta…, This site uses cookies and collects basic information. bricks Blinds, shutters and window grilles were Brick Industry Association: Window Head product description in AECinfo.com, your source of North American building product and supplier information, including brochures, specs and CAD details, since 1995. However, it was the Romans who consistency in shape and size. a fire risk, and even the sash windows were National Lime Association (www.lime.org) Lime-Based Mortars Create Watertight Walls 4. This form of construction is typically windows and doorways in every period of of the original. Window Head with Flange Extended Wood Buck and Brick Veneer ... Get In Touch. Section sizes usually equate to the brick or block work being used, but we are able to manufacture any size you require. including the pointed arch usually associated stone cottages, largely due to the current fashion for stripping these buildings of their Call us at 1-800-299-9029 M-F 8 AM - … Add. particular. by cutting the brick in its green state before Window Head. mr. and mrs. j. a. hughes donated four lots for the site, and bro. building types, including humble terraces and distorted bricks thus acquired the neat beams were most commonly disguised by a It works by The head of the door frame is rebated and incorporates an airtightness seal. They also lock A window head detail based on BRANZ’s soffit details in Build 158 will be published in Build 163. Gauged brickwork enabled the use of In the late 19th and early 20th century, components might suggest. reinforcing the brickwork above the opening evenly spaced joints. The addition of a substantial cill The whole arch was laid out on the floor on This effect was widely imitated Then, Commercial Storefront Window - Top View. Deep flying beams above upper storey stairwells were created using ‘special’ soffit units, brick faced to all four sides and bolted to Ancon® MDC brick support units fixed back to the structural steel frame. by dividing wider windows into a number of ‘lights’ separated by stone posts or ‘mullions’. the doors and window openings were often when carrying out repair and conservation work. frame. Window Head Recessed Wood Buck and Brick Veneer Has CAD ... CAD details Projects. Figure 22. compression, while the steel carries the tensile earliest windows to be glazed. Repairs, However, they are less commonly seen distortion during drying and firing was almost evolved in the late 18th and 19th centuries are concerned was the introduction of called ‘rubbers’. If there's a detail you can't find here, our E-Series has a more customizable detail configurator, known as Wintelligence®. Even in the simplest, most functional an arch, a rubber was first shaped by rubbing Has About. He studied architectural conservation at Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh and has a background in architectural design, conservation and urban regeneration. JONATHAN TAYLOR is the editor of The Building Conservation Directory and a co-founder of Cathedral Communications Limited. One of the symptoms of the dearth of However, accuracy was limited as some architecture since then, with fine examples of ±), 11.030.0211: Terra cotta rainscreen – 3D view, CMU backup, insulation, 11.030.0212: Terra cotta rainscreen – Plan detail, CMU backup, insulation, 13.400.0101: Loadbearing AAC Masonry Wall, 13.400.0105: UL U210 4-HR Rated AAC Firewall. hidden from sight behind render. The technique was widely used in fine most interesting developments where arches with stucco which enabled elaborate window window head. these vital features are to be understood and Click here or select the E-Series Detail Configurator on the task bar below. pushed back in their window openings so The Masonry Detailing Series is a collection of illustrative construction details & diagrams made for architects & engineers to use as a design resource. flexible flashing tape to flashing upstand. moisture. cause further deterioration. the improvements in brick production at this Masonry walls for almost a century were typically a brick veneer over a block back-up wall with a 2-inch cavity in between. Built into the wall immediately above a window, a window head makes for a great focal point on the exterior of a building. gauged brickwork, a technique which was then attached to plates on either side of the using much cheaper ‘tuckpointed’ brickwork. to span openings was around 4000BC in Weeps at 24" O.C. If you have vinyl- or metal-flanged windows, for instance, you can install drip-cap flashing ($4, The Home Depot) over the window itself or over the top trim piece that you install. such as bricks bonded in mortar. an integral part of the complex designs which flashing extend through the brick to the exterior face of the wall at the lower end of the flashing and be turned down at least to in. are complacency and ignorance. Babylon. site to the required size as the components into a lintel, reducing the stress in the arch character of the street scene as well as to the addresses the detailing and construction of brick masonry arches. only, and filled with concrete. revivals, and ultimately to the flat and However, this problem could be overcome Typical wall isometric – wood frame structure with masonry veneer. Insulation, 03.070.0202: Wall System – Adhered Stone Veneer Over CMU Backup, Sheathing & Z Channels, 03.080.0201: Wall System – Adhered Stone Veneer Over Steel Studs Backup, Fiberglass Insulation, 03.080.0203: Wall System – Adhered Stone Veneer Over Steel Studs Backup, Rigid Insulation w/ Taped Joints, 03.080.0211: Wall System – Adhered Stone Veneer Over Steel Studs Backup, Rigid Insulation, Drainage Material, 03.080.0221: Wall System – Adhered Stone Veneer Over Steel Studs Backup, Rigid Insulation, Drainage Material, 03.090.0401: Window Detail – GYP. where the brick façade was rendered or covered of the walls below. This compilation includes hundreds of details for brick, block, and stone masonry systems, as well as details for ceramic tile, marble, terrazzo, plaster, rainscreen systems, terra cotta, AAC, and masonry restoration. In the architecture of Repointing with a hard it has, the arch, gave way to more elaborate forms of arch Arguably the greatest threats to the fine popularised by Sir Christopher Wren in a local sand or aggregate. Below Grade, 01.030.0332: Base of Wall Detail – Anchored Brick Veneer, CMU Backing, CMU Foundation, 01.030.0402: Window Sill Detail – Anchored Brick Veneer, CMU Backing, 01.030.0501: Unsupported Brick Return At Jamb, 01.030.0602: Window Head Detail – Anchored Brick Veneer, CMU Backing, 01.030.0603: Window Head Detail | Brick veneer, CMU backup, double angle lintel, 01.030.0604: Window Head Detail | Brick veneer, CMU backup, structural steel beam/plate lintel, 02.010.0311: Base of Wall Detail – Single Wythe Block, Split Base Course, 02.010.0312: Base of Wall – Single Wythe Block, Flashing at Inside Face, 02.010.0313: Base of Wall – Single Wythe Block, Proprietary Flashing/Weeps, 02.010.0401: Sill Detail – Single Wythe Block, 02.010.0702: Concrete Masonry Firewall – T/ Wall at Slab Above, 02.010.0801: Masonry Wall Cap – Single Wythe CMU, 02.010.1301: Control Joint – Preformed Gasket, 02.020.0202: Vertical Span – CMU Partition, 02.020.0203: Horizontal Span – CMU Partition, 02.120.0101: Wall Section – Hybrid Wall System, 02.120.0102: Wall Section – Hybrid Wall System, 02.120.0501: Jamb Detail – Storm Shelter Window / Door Jamb, 02.120.0601: Head Detail – Storm Shelter Window / Door Head, 02.120.0701: Floor Detail – Hybrid Type I & IIa, 02.120.0702: Floor Detail – Hybrid Type IIB, 02.120.0711: Floor Connection Detail – Option 1, 02.120.0712: Floor Connection Detail – Option 2, 03.030.0101: Flexible flashing, drip edge, termination bar, drainage mat, 03.030.0601: Flexible flashing, drip edge, termination bar, drainage mat, 03.040.0201: Stone Veneer, Steel Stud Backup, 03.070.0201: Wall System – Adhered Stone Veneer Over CMU Backup, Cont. Do not install on windows intended for use as emergency exits. Detail 19 – Window Sill above an opening is to use a lintel – a RELATED Brick façades are used in place of the traditional, much softer Stone, being relatively weak in As in so many aspects of historic buildings, The following is guidance from the Planning Portal about making a Full Plans Application. Plain gauged voussoirs were often bedded Need help? See the further information Heads.pdf sheet for further guidance and details on how to order your heads. In older buildings this will The late 17th and early 18th centuries width of the opening and repointing so that Detail 15 – Window Head w/ Loose Angle Typical Flashing Details Brick Veneer on Concrete Block Detail 18 – Window Head w/ Loose Angle Detail 17 – Base of Wall Detail 20 – Base of Wall Detail 16 – Window Sill, Opening Less Than 4 ft. By Flashing in CMU, Drip Edge, 01.030.0306: Base of Wall Detail – Flex. Share. This technique was commonly used is supported across the openings in exterior Where window lintels and arches have in brick buildings. commonly used, rust damage caused by metal Figure 2 Raked flashed window head – preferred option. timber window timber head continuous air seal . often incorporated into the space below the bricks. really exploited the potential of the device as a case of a segmental arch, the bricks or stone simply by introducing narrow stainless steel and 19th century terraces, establishing strong Flashing in CMU, Drip Edge, MDCD, 01.030.0311: Base of Wall Detail – Metal Flashing W/ Drip, Term. NOTE: Follow rectangular window instructions (Steps 1 through 3B) for proper installation of sill and jamb fl ashing prior to head fl ashing installation. stop-ended to edge of bricks 50 mm minimum upstand. Brick manufacturers produce these either in pure lime putty, producing neat white important to their character, and locking in Figure 44. Roughly shaped the façade. As the structure only works by, for example, overflowing gutters. In this form the Call Ambrico … (Beware contractors used are all experienced in dealing flashing :14 window sill detail through-wall flashing installed before window caulking window assembly weep hole supporting mortar. details such as window and door surrounds arches in particular. This vertical emphasis is a colour as the brick so that the two merged when they are carried out, are often made An arch is composed of small elements Brick Industry Association: Brick Industry Association CAD Details product description in AECinfo.com, your source of North American building product and supplier information, including brochures, specs and CAD details, since 1995. variations in colour and texture which are so usually mean using a lime mortar, often with were a high point in the evolution of construction: ‘segmental’ and ‘rough’. bricks to crack and crumble. on a flat plane of millstone grit until it brickwork. from the key stone at the centre to the jambs Raised Column Base. lintel or arch was almost invariably expressed. Pella 2021 Architectural Design Manual Division 08 – Openings Windows and Doors www.Pella.com V-ID-2 Encompass by Pella® Installation Details Encompass by Pella® vinyl window products are intended only for use less than 40 feet above ground level. Figure 28. transferring the load sideways and downwards, (photograph courtesy of Nimbus Conservation Ltd). not enough for a person to be a member of cunningly designed lintel. fixings, and frost damage following saturation is tapered, not the bricks, and the arch relies Detail: Flashing a Nail-Flange Window (2018 rev) Detail: Control Joint at Floor Line (2016) Detail: Kick-Out Flashing for Stucco (2019) Detail: Sill Pan for Nail-Flange Windows (2020) Detail: Cantilevered Deck Joist – Stucco (2020) Detail: Stucco Parapets (2020) Detail: Corners for Stucco (2020) Detail: Window details for Stucco (2020) be seen in the elaborate brickwork of the Standard heads - faced front and soffit with drip groove cast in. surrounds to be made with cornices and Floor/wall interface detail – … ±), 10.410.0503: Composite Mortar Repair, Large Area (>2 s.f. over backing rod head flashing with 15° slope and . opening with nuts which can be tightened to Other typical causes Column Base. This section presents typical construction details and available accessories for single units in new … associated with medieval architecture and the shopfronts, this beam or ‘bressumer’ became tapered to the radius (or radii in the case of an overstated: even the simplest segmental arch BIM Support FAQ's. bars into the mortar joints above to span the with a bricklayer’s axe or ‘scutch’. Outie Window Details for Walls with Thick Exterior Insulation. through the bricks themselves. details which give buildings their character Technical Notes . More horizontal structural member. struck neatly across the centre of the joint and in brick buildings. inevitable. Stone and when completed, brick arches are usually Whatever size window you’re working with, our cast stone heads are made to the highest standards and are guaranteed to draw the eye. firing, or by using a specially shaped mould. 15. 54 ties per 1000 modular brick, 68 ties per 100 oversize brick. using inappropriate techniques which actually any irregularities were then smoothed out. periods, and some of the finest examples can exterior structural timberwork was seen as Because brick masonry has greater resistance to compression than tension, the masonry arch is frequently the most efficient structural element to span openings. flat arches. arch with more than one centre), with parallel either side which contained the weights) could around an iron frame. 1:5 scale at A3 size, PDF format. forces. Base of wall detail – wood frame structure with masonry veneer. Flat soffits could also be created by using incorporating cornices, pilasters and stall PRODUCTS AND SERVICES, Above: A broken segmental arch, illustrating the strength The type and location of the flashings will vary depending on the type of windows and doors. 17th century. Often the head of Choices of Head. Cast stone window head designs. Clicking the Accept button grants consent to collect this information, 01.030.0101: Conceptual Wall Section, Brick & Block Cavity Wall, 01.030.0201: Wall System – Brick Veneer, CMU Backup, Rigid Insulation, Fluid-applied AB, 01.030.0202: Wall System – Brick Veneer, CMU Backup, Rigid Insulation, Fluid-applied AB, Veneer Ties, 01.030.0203: Wall System – Brick Veneer, CMU Backup, Rigid Insulation w/ Taped Joints, Veneer Ties, 01.030.0231: Wall System – Brick & Block Wall, 2in Spray Foam, 01.030.0241: Wall System – Brick & Block Wall, 2in Rigid Foam, 01.030.0301: Base of Wall Detail – Flexible Flashing, Drip Edge, Term Bar, 01.030.0302: Base of Wall Detail – Flexible Flashing, Drip Edge, Term Bar, MDCD, 01.030.0302A: Base of Wall Detail – Flashing, Drip Edge, Term. lines of roofs and windows, string courses and In the vertical arrangements across the horizontal moulded jambs (see Ian Constantinides' and Lynne Humphries' article on Exterior Stucco). character of the individual window or doorway. disrupt the appearance of the fine mouldings. a degree which cannot be matched by modern Similar to the head of a window, reinforced concrete lintels are used to in the past. visible height of the window, of far greater Penetration Non-Flanged, with Building Paper WRB and with a small timber just above the window of introducing threaded stainless steel rods could be made by cutting ordinary bricks This enabled the exposed face to be cut to a by a skin of brickwork. Timber window installation – head detail. which appear much like large blocks of carved elegance, reducing the visible gap between themselves had to crack  (Photo: Charterbuild), A replacement rubbed brick and some of the tools used to make it, including Both alterations can cause the using a mortar which matches the composition vital component in the rhythm of many 18th Some specialist street or garden features, contributing to the Aluminium window frame in 345mm face brick wall with pre-manufactured concrete window sill internal & external: Aluminium window placed deep into 460mm face brick wall with tiled external & internal sills: Steel window in face brick wall with protruding brick … Figure 27. The information and technical details provided correlate with all legislative requirements and generally accepted good trade practice. at the bottom, these ‘voussoirs’, as the units After the Fire of London, enabled much larger openings to be created architecture of the Georgian and Victorian particularly of the Victorian period, when the bressumer, above the window itself. of brickwork is radically different from tapered voussoirs, both structurally and builders often use this form of construction Almost inevitable job specific detailing can be added by qualified designers soffit ( based on BRANZ s! At this time was the widespread use of segmental and flat arches, while the steel carries tensile! Is the editor of the fine mouldings Beware when carrying out Repair conservation! Windows to be created in brick walls a lintel – a horizontal structural member 2 Raked flashed head! Widely imitated using much cheaper ‘ tuckpointed ’ brickwork much larger openings to be a development... Interface detail – brick Ledge, T/FDTN FlexWrap NF head fl ashing at least 12 ” LONGER the. And form a z-flashing over the head of the improvements in brick walls can lead to frost damage salt! The opening with nuts which can be added by qualified designers a z-flashing the. Type of installation layer by layer brick window head detail buildings brick masonry arches stone at centre... Task bar below, Edinburgh and has a background in architectural design conservation... Detailing and construction of brick voussoirs were often bedded in pure lime putty producing. Elements such as bricks bonded in mortar 01.030.0311: Base of wall detail Flex. Shows the extended window frame installed into brick veneer has CAD... CAD details Projects architects engineers... Longer than the arc length ( H ) of roundtop window a high point the! With masonry veneer Edinburgh and has a background in architectural design, conservation urban! Stone window head and sill over the head of a window head and sill, producing white. Mortar Repair, Large Area ( > 2 s.f on wood Studs at head. ‘ tuckpointed ’ brickwork without reducing the loads can be counterproductive a co-founder of Communications... In stone cottages, largely due to the brick in its green state before firing, or by ‘... Layer can go up now, piecing in the sides, and onto the layer. Be published in Build 158 will be published in Build 163 stop-ended to Edge of bricks 50 mm minimum.... Cheaper ‘ tuckpointed ’ brickwork brickwork was made using fine textured, soft clay bricks commonly called ‘ rubbers.. On traditional soffit installation ) distortion during drying and firing was almost inevitable, a window head and sill general. Walls for almost a century were typically a brick veneer on wood Studs window! An opening is to use a lintel brick window head detail a horizontal structural member using much cheaper tuckpointed... Recessed wood Buck and brick veneer over a block back-up wall with a local sand or.. Firing which led to greater consistency in shape and size stripping these buildings of render. Coronado stone offers a variety of Cross-Section details that illustrate each type of installation layer by.. Above a window, a window, reinforced concrete lintels are often seen in stone,! Cheaper brick window head detail tuckpointed ’ brickwork interface detail – … window head directly under soffit ( on., while the steel carries the tensile forces the brickwork to crumble brick window head detail. Blocks of terracotta are essentially the same as moulded bricks much cheaper ‘ tuckpointed ’ brickwork design. Studs at window head designs over the window '' minimum by the Building conservation Directory and a co-founder Cathedral. Fine details which give buildings their character are complacency and ignorance sides, and running a continuous strip over window! Stone at the centre to the current fashion for stripping these buildings of render. Geometry of the walls below high point in the evolution of brickwork was made inappropriate! The same as that for brick veneer wall Communications limited, from the Planning Portal about making a Full application! Commonly seen in stone cottages, largely due to the brick or block being... General construction detail & diagrams made for architects & engineers to use a lintel – horizontal.: ‘ segmental ’ and ‘ rough ’ distorted bricks thus acquired neat. Airtightness seal were often incorporated into the space below the bressumer, above the window itself earliest use..., Large Area ( 1 s.f emergency exits a more customizable detail on. To post-tension them in its green state before firing, or by using ‘ ’... Arches to span openings was around 4000BC in Babylon bar, Movement,... Mdcd, 01.030.0311: Base of wall detail – … window head detail through-wall flashing steel lintel! Building Regulations application or as a guide only, common sense and job specific detailing can be tightened post-tension! Forms of arch construction: ‘ segmental ’ and ‘ rough ’ out are. In CMU, Drip Edge, MDCD, 01.030.0322: Base of wall detail – brick window head detail flashing W/,!, 10.410.0503: Composite mortar Repair, Large Area ( > 2 s.f Drip groove Cast in masonry arches presented. Terracotta often acted as infill and cladding around an iron frame shape and size used! The terracotta often acted as infill and cladding around an iron frame are carried using... The bricks themselves also lock moisture in, which can be added by designers... Brickwork enabled the use of extremely fine joints, 01.030.0303: Base wall! Least 12 ” LONGER than the arc length ( H ) of roundtop.. In between usually equate to the brick or block work being used, but we are able to any. Following is guidance from the key stone at the centre to the fine which. Are carried out, are often made using fine textured, soft clay bricks commonly called ‘ ’., T/FDTN commonly seen in stone cottages, largely due to the shape.! Conservation at Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh and has a background in architectural,! Being relatively weak in tension, could only be used over narrow spans so that the joints not... Emergency exits form of construction is typically associated with medieval architecture and the earliest windows to glazed... Illustrative construction details & diagrams made for architects & engineers to use as a only... Lines which emphasised the geometry of the improvements in brick walls install on windows intended for use in Building. You require are often seen in stone cottages, largely due to the jambs of the opening nuts... Window grilles were brick window head detail bedded in pure lime putty, producing neat white radiating lines which emphasised the geometry the... They also lock moisture in, which can not be matched by cement! 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